Термини за електрическа мобилност

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There are currently 29 names in this directory
Alternating current (AC)
An electric current that periodically reverses direction flow. Motors of electric vehicles are usually driven by AC electricity (some are DC however). There is also AC charging stations that charge EVs batteries by utilizing the on-board charger.

Ampere (amp)
The ampere (A) is the standard unit of measure of electric current, also known as Amp. It's used to designate charging stations current, like 16A or 32A.

Ampere Hour (Amp hour - Ah)
The Ampere Hour, Amp Hour or Ah specification provides a measurement of battery capacity. It is an indication of how much energy can be stored by a battery. In electric vehicle batteries we usually designate the amp hour capacity of individual cell, like 60Ah or 94 Ah.

Battery
An energy storage device usually assembled of many individual chemical cells that store and produces electricity to drive an electric vehicle motor. Battery capacity is usually measured in Kilowatt Hours (kWh), or Amp Hours (multiplied be voltage). Most modern EV batteries are lithium-ion with liquid electrolyte. Currently batteries with solid electrolytes are also developed,

BEV
Battery Electric Vehicle

Charging
A process of storing electricity into electric vehicle battery using charging station. There's AC charging (slower, up to 43 kW power), and DC charging – faster, currently up to 150kW and up to 350 kW from 2019.

Charging in km/h or mp/h
How may kilometers or miles you can drive after charging an electric vehicle for one hour.

Charging Station
A device constructed to safely deliver electric power to electric vehicle battery via standart cable and plug. Charging stations can be AC (slower) or DC (faster).

Coasting
Driving an electric vehicle (usually on a highway and at level surfaces) by applying almost no pressure to the accelerator pedal - e.g. with minimal energy consumption.

Direct current (DC)
A type of electric current that only flows in one direction unlike AC which periodically reverses flow direction. There's some DC electric motors, but DC is better known for fast DC charging stations, which are now deleloped to deliver up to 350 kW power.

Electromagnetism
Electromagnetism is the interaction between magnetic fields and electric currents.

EVSE
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment – a device or system attached to the electric grid used to charge electric vehicles.

Fast charging station
DC charging station capable of delivering between 50 and 150 kilowatts and charging an electric vehicle battery from 0 to 80% in 30 to 50 minutes.

GOM
Guess-O-Meter – EV jargon desrcibing the standard mileage range meter displayed on an electric vehicle dashboard.

ICED
Internal Combustion Engine car parked at electric vehicle charging spot.

KiloWatt (kW)
A measure of power for electric vehicle traction motor (for example 85 kW) or charging station power (for example 22 kW)

KiloWatt Hour (kWh)
A measery of electrical capacity, for example used to show electric vehicle battery capacity (like 60 kWh). A 60 kWh battery in a compact electric vehicle usually provides up to 400 km of range on a single battery charge.

Lithium Ion (Li-Ion)
A battery cell technology with different chemistries and characteristics.

Magnetic field
The magnetic influence produced by electric currents and magnetic materials.

One pedal driving
Method of driving an electric vehicle by only (or mostly) using the accelerator pedal without using the brake pedal. This is made possible by electric motor recuperation.

PHEV
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle. A type of vehicle the has two propelling systems - electric motor and combustion engine, and a battery that can be charged.

PV
Photovoltaic. A solar system used to generate electricity usually mounted on a building roof or in a field.

Range
A distance that electric vehicle can travel on a single battery charge.

Regenerative braking (recuperation)
Regenerative braking is an energy recovery mechanism which works every time an electric vehicle slows down. The electric motor temporarily acts as generator, and by means of recuperation converts the kinetic energy from slowing down into electricity that is stored in the battery. By recuperating when driving you can extend the range of an electric vehicle or in other words drive further.

SOC
State of Charge of an electric vehicle battery. For example, 70%

Static electricity
The build up of an electric charge on the surface of an object. The charge remains in one area rather than flowing to another area that can positively charge your hairs so they repel one another. It sometimes also cause mild electric shock and spark as the excess charge is neutralized when brought close to a large electrical conductor. Or when you touch a door handle, for example.

Supercharger
DC fast charging stations only for Tesla electric vehicles. In 2018 maximum power that Superchargers deliver is 145 kW. Tesla is working on more powerful versions.

Volt
Electrical voltage measuring unit.

Voltage
Voltage is the force that is applied to a wire (conductor), which causes electrical current to flow. The unit of measurement for voltage is the Volt (V). There are two methods that voltage forces current to flow: – Direct Current (DC) – Alternating Current (AC) - single phase 230V or three-phase 400V